Since the introduction of the first hybrid electric vehicle nearly a quarter of a century ago, automakers have been investing heavily in green technologies. Consumers today can choose from more than 35 models of electric-drive vehicles (EVs), also known as zero emission vehicles or ZEVs.
A ZEV is a vehicle that emits no tailpipe emissions from its primary onboard power source. These technologies include:
- Fuel-Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)
- Battery-Electric Vehicles (BEVs)
- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
A sales mandate from California and nine other states requires automakers to sell more EVs each year through 2025. In addition to the mandate, eight of these states committed to a Memorandum of Understanding with a challenging goal of developing the market so it can support approximately four million cumulative ZEVs by 2025.